The Patents Act, 1970, was passed to protect the IPR of a person to whom the patent has been granted. The Act describes the procedure for the grant of patent and protects his rights against infringement. The 1970 Act was amended in 1999 and 2002 to meet India’s obligations under the Agreement of Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), which forms part of the agreement establishing the World Trade Organization (WTO).
The law relating to copyright is contained in the Copyright Act, 1957. This law is applicable to every citizen of India, and came into force on 21 January 1958. The Act has been amended in 1983, 1984, 1992, and 1994 primarily to bring the Indian law in conformity with the international conventions in general and the Bern Convention, and the Universal Copyright Convention in particular.